Corruption in the Philippines, from the post-war era to the pre-martial law era
Since gaining independence in 1946, the Philippines has been rocked with corruption scandals here and there, so the pork barrel scam shouldn’t come as a surprise.
In 1949, Elpidio Quirino was re-elected president in an election marred by widespread violence and fraud. His administration was filled with corruption scandals itself. Fortunately, the very popular Ramon Magsaysay defeated him in 1953.
In 1962, the reformist administration of Diosdado Macapagal (the administration of predecessor Carlos P. Garcia was criticized for not making “masa”-friendly policies, i.e. the Pilipino Muna policy) was rocked by a corruption scandal involving American GI-turned-multi-millionaire industrialist Harry S. Stonehill, who was charged with tax evasion, economic sabotage, blackmail and corruption of public officials.
He had a ledger that listed more than 200 officials who received money from him in the course of his transactions with them. Surprisingly, Macapagal himself and then-Senator Ferdinand Marcos were included in the ledger, showing how extensive the businessman’s corruption network was (Sounds familiar eh?).
Macapagal then brokered a deal with Stonehill, where he would be absolved of his crimed and deported, and that then-Justice Secretary Jose Diokno (who ordered the raid on one of Stonehill’s firms, which didn’t have a warrant - i.e. illegal) was to resign his post. Macapagal’s actions then cost him the elections, with Marcos winning in 1965… ironically.
Then in 1969, Marcos was re-elected in so far the bloodiest and most fraudulent election in Philippine history. This was followed by massive demonstrations and rebellions from students, Communists, Muslims, and many others, which resulted to FM declaring martial law in 1972. I think I don’t have to expound further from here.
I know, you’ll say TL;DR, but I think it’s something to ponder on in relation to the pork barrel scandal. The same shit happens over and over again, and we’re not doing anything about it.